Did you know pharynx is another word for throat? Or that anatomically your throat is divided into three parts: the nasopharynx, oropharynx and hypopharynx. Tobacco use (smoking and chewing) as well as heavy alcohol consumption can increase your risk of squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) that begins in the moist, mucosal surfaces of your mouth and throat. Certain viruses, including human papillomavirus (HPV) and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) have also been associated with this common form of head and neck cancer. If detected and treated early some head and neck cancers can be cured. Advanced cancers can be more challenging and often necessitate a multidisciplinary approach to care involving not only cancer specialists but specialists from other disciplines. National Oral, Head, and Neck Cancer Awareness Week, April 12-18 is an opportunity to increase your knowledge of these cancers and learn what you can do to prevent or reduce your risk.