Gynecologic cancer refers to a group of cancers that begin in a woman’s reproductive organs. These cancers include cervical cancer, ovarian cancer, vaginal cancer, vulvar cancer, and endometrial or uterine cancers. Each of these cancers is unique with different causes, risk factors, and treatment options. However, across all of the gynecologic cancers, treatment is most effective when the cancer is found early. Understanding more about women’s cancers, their risk factors, and symptoms can lower your chance for developing an advanced stage gynecologic cancer.

There are six main types of gynecologic cancers: cervical, ovarian, tubal, uterine (endomentrial), vaginal and vulvar.

Treatment options will vary according to each cancer type, the grade of the tumor, and the stage of the cancer but almost always one of the treatment options is surgery. Other parts of the regimen may include chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy. There are many pieces to the gynecologic cancers treatment puzzle. Our surgeon works closely with the medical oncologists and radiation oncologists at Rocky Mountain Cancer Centers (RMCC) to ensure the most complete and thorough care for his patients.

Gynecologic Cancer FAQs

We feel that knowledge is your first line of defense against gynecologic cancer. We encourage you to learn more about it by reading through this list of commonly asked questions and their answer

Robotic Surgery

Robotic-assisted surgery is a minimally invasive surgery (MIS) which allows our gynecologic cancer surgeon to use techniques that limit the size and number of incisions that are needed to be made. 

Gynecologic Oncology Specialists

Rocky Mountain Cancer Centers’ Gynecologic Oncology team specializes in treating and caring for women with pre-cancers and cancers of the female reproductive organs, as well as pregnancy-related tumors.

Signs and Symptoms of Gynecologic Cancer


Common Types of Gynecologic Cancers

Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer forms in the cells lining the cervix or the lower part of a woman’s uterus that connects to the vagina.

Ovarian Cancer

Ovarian/tubal cancers can develop on the external surface of the ovary or tube or inside the ovary/tube itself.

Uterine Cancer

Uterine/Endometrial cancer typically originates in the lining of the uterus and is the most frequently diagnosed gynecologic cancer.

Other Types of Gynecologic Cancers and Conditions

While there are three common types of gynecologic cancers, which are listed above, there are also some less common types of gynecologic cancers – including vaginal and vulvar cancers. Our gynecologic cancer specialist can treat each of these diseases, along with a number of benign gynecologic conditions. Understanding more about your specific condition and the different types of gynecologic cancers can help you better navigate your gynecologic cancer journey.